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The 4 Types of Learning Styles

The 4 Types of Learning Styles

By Antonietta Marinelli | May 28, 2021

As individuals we all learn and take in information differently. The way we articulate ourselves, the way we process certain conversations and even the way we read inside our heads. Certain subjects, or topics of conversations may be hard to grasp for some, but easy to interpret for others. Every student is different, and in educating ourselves we adapt to our own type of learning style and latch onto what makes us retain information most easily, and what kind of format or method we may confound.

Because every student learns differently, learning styles are widely recognized in both classroom management theory and education theory in general (Advancement Course, 2017). Learning styles are a popular concept in psychology and education and are intended to identify how people learn best. One of the most understandings of learning styles is that student learning falls under three categories: Visual, Auditory, Read and Write and Kinesthetic. Neil Fleming’s VARK model was introduced in 1987 and designed to help students and others learn about their individual learning preferences (Cherry, 2019).

According to the VARK model, you are identified by whether you have a preference for the following:

Visual Learning

If you are a visual learner, you prefer the use of images, maps and graphics in order to understand and process information as effectively as possible. You prefer the use of graphic elements over words.

Auditory Learning

If you are an auditory learner, you understand best by taking in information through listening or actively speaking in situations such as lectures, live classrooms or group discussions. Aural learners use repetition as a way to process information, and as a study technique. You remember things that you are told verbally.

Reading and Writing

You hold great strength in processing information through the use of reading and writing. You present yourself as a copious note taker, and make sure to read your study notes in order to process information.

Kinesthetic

If you are a kinesthetic learner you understand information best through the use of tactile representations. You are a hands-on learner and want to be in the midst of it all. You prefer creating a personal experience around learning something particular, and processing that information by recrearting or practicing a skill.

Even though there may be specific types of learning styles, it does not necessarily mean we all fall under just one. With many different forms of learning still being adapted into the educational sector, we are learning how to process and retain information even through the use of multimedia, and forever-changing techniques. However, by learning what kind of learner you are, you can gain a better perspective on how to implement your learning styles into your studies and study techniques.

Find out what kind of learner you are here: https://vark-learn.com/the-vark-questionnaire/

References

● Classroom Advancements. (2017) 4 Types of Learners in Education. Advancement Courses. [Accessed 28 May 2021]
https://blog.advancementcourses.com/articles/4-types-of-learners-in-education/

● Cherry, K. (2017). Overview of VARK Learning Styles. Very Well Mind. [Accessed 27 May 2021]
https://www.verywellmind.com/vark-learning-styles-2795156

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